History of Corbett National Park :

Jim Corbett National Park has a strong historical background, which can be traced from the early 1800 when its forest were private property of the rulers of the Tehri Garhwal. Around the 1820's this part of the state was parted to the British Rulers in return of the assistance provided during the Gurkha invasion. The British exploited the timber potential of Corbett National Park forest and mercilessly felled the forests and plant 'TEAK' a precious hardwood, to fulfill the supply for Railway sleepers.

In 1858 the first step towards protection of Corbett National Park forest was initiated by Major Ramseyin form of a comprehensive plan, wherein farming and cattle intrusion were banned in the lower Patlidun valley. The Forest Department took control of the area and declared it as Reserve forest in 1879 under the forest act. Soon after the condition of these forest showed improvement and possibilities of forming a game sanctuary were proposed in the early 1900 by Michael Keen an officer with the Forest Dept. The proposal was turned down by the then Governor of The United Province John Hewett. More futile attempts were made in the 1916&1917 by E.R. Stevens and Smythies, both DFO's of the area to declare the sanctuary but were turned down.

In 1934 Governor Malcolm Hailey supported the proposal and declared the reserve forest into a sanctuary. Soon after Governor Hailey and Sir Smythies proposed the up gradation of the sanctuary to a national park. During this period Major James E Corbett was getting famous for his Man eating Tiger shoots. Corbett, who was well versed with area was consulted and helped in marking the boundaries for the proposed national park. On August 6th 1936, the UP national park act was enacted and Hailey National Park - named after Governor Hailey, came into being as India's first National Park and the worlds third covering an area of about 325 sq. kms.

Post independence the park was renamed after the Ramganga River - the main perennial lifeline of the area and was called the Ramganga National Park. James E Corbett died on 19th April 1955 in Nyeri, Kenya. In 1957 the park was again renamed, in honor of the legendary hunter turned conversationalist, Jim Corbett who spent most his life in the area and helped in setting up the park.

The wildlife protection act was enacted in the year 1972 and Corbett National Park was one of the first national park to launch Project Tiger a government sponsored program for the conservation of the Tiger and its habitat on 1st April 1973.
In 1991 the area of the reserve was further increased with the inclusion of the Sonanadi Wildlife Sanctuary. Today Corbett National Park stands as one of the prime examples of efforts to conserve and is one of the best protected forest and tiger reserve in the world.

About Corbett National Park :
Corbett National Park India: The primary purpose of the Corbett National Park is to save the animals and plants of the Ramganga river valley, particularly the tiger and the fish eating gharial crocodile. The 2003 census of jim Corbett National Park indicates that there are close to 150 tigers at Corbett National Park, a spectacular increase since 1976, when 44 tiger were estimated to live inside the Corbett National Park. Both the muggar (Indian marsh crocodile, also known as mugger) and gharial, a species of fish-eating crocodile, are present in the Corbett National Park. It is estimated that 16 muggar and 4 gharials were present in the Corbett National Park during 1974. Numbers are increasing with the release of 250 young gharial reared in captivity between 1982 and 1994, and now that the muggar population breeds in the Ramganga reservoir. A 1997 census counted 283 gharials and 301 muggars at Corbett National Park.

Corbett National Park is famous for the richness and diversity of its wildlife which included over 50 species of mammals and over 580 species of birds. Corbett National Park is an important refuge for the tiger, Indian elephant, wild dog, leopard cat, Indian pangolin and hog deer. All of which were once common throughout the terai of Uttarakhand ( a newly formed state ) but are now rarely seen outside the Corbett National Park. The terai (moist land) is a belt of marshy jungle and grassland stretching between the foothills of the Himalayas and the Indian plains, a large part of the terai is in Nepal. Corbett National Park's avifauna is particularly interesting because of the overlap between the plains and high altitudes. The Ramganga river is a source of attraction to many winter migrant birds. A number of high altitude birds also visit the Corbett National Park during winter. With altitudes at Corbett National Park ranging from 400 meters to 1,200 meters above sea level, there is a rich variety of habitats. Nearly 73% of the park is covered by dense moist deciduous forest with a predominance of sal trees, accompanied by haldu, pipal, rohini and mango trees. While 10% of the core area is composed of grasslands in the valleys, which offer visitors a better view of Corbett National Park's wildlife.

Jeep Safari and elephant safari in Corbett National Park- Jeep Safari and elephant safari into the grasslands and jungles searching for tiger or a herd of wild elephants is the highlight of any visit to Corbett National Park. The best way to see wildlife at Corbett National Park is on jeep and elephant back. An elephant safari allows travel deeper into the wilderness and to get very close to wildlife without scaring the animals away. Commonly observed wildlife at Corbett National Park includes the spotted deer, wild boars, sambar, barking deer, rhesus macaques, langur monkeys, peacocks and herds of wild elephants. Corbett National Park in India is a paradise for birdwatcher's, containing over 580 different species of birds. on request one can also obtained commonly found list of the birds and mammals in Corbett National Park, India.

Location of Corbett National Park- Corbett National Park is located in the state of Uttarakhand (a new state, formed in 2000, from the northern part of Uttar Pradesh state), India. Corbett National Park is part of the Corbett National Park which lies in the foothills of the Himalayas within the districts of Nainital, Pauri Garhwal, Almora and Bijnore. Corbett National Park covers an area of about 1,300 sq. km including about 500 sq. km of core area and 800 sq. km of buffer area. The core area forms the Corbett National Park while the buffer area contains the Sonanadi wildlife sanctuary and reserve forests.

Corbett National Park forms the catchments area of the Ramganga, a tributary of the river Ganga. Corbett National Park is the oldest national park on the Indian subcontinent, established in August 1936. It was originally called the Hailey national park after the then governor of United Province (Uttar Pradesh), Sir Malcolm Hailey. After independence, in 1947, the park was renamed the Ramganga national park. In 1957, the park was named the Corbett National Park in memory of the legendary hunter and conservationist, who was largely responsible for marking out the park boundaries and helped in setting up the Corbett National Park. Dhikala in Corbett National Park has the distinction of being the venue, during 1974, for the inauguration of Project Tiger, India's ambitious conservation program to save the tiger and its habitat. The creation of 9 tiger reserves, including Corbett National Park, was announced. In 1972, India's tiger population had fallen to an all time low of 1,800. A 1993 census suggests that India's tiger population stands at 3,750.

Corbett National Park in India is a serious project, where the rules of conservation are to be strictly followed by visitor, park employee and the Kumaoni villagers who live just outside the Corbett National Park. And this is made easy because it is a park beloved of all who visit. Corbett National Park is named after Sir Jim Corbett, who lived in the region, knew the language of the jungle, and who metamorphosed from hunter to ardent conservationist. The topography of the Corbett National Park is varied and interesting with ravines, plateaus, marshy depressions and grasslands. The sparkling river ramganga is the life source of the Corbett National Park. The vegetation at Corbett National Park is dense mixed deciduous with a wide variety of trees including the stately sal, and creepers, shrubs, bamboos and grasses. It is a beautiful pristine park, the air full of tangy fragrances - and expectation. You enter it with humility. Knowing that you are in someone else's home. Corbett National Park is a wonderful lesson in biodiversity. You see the world as it ought to have been. Morning mists over the river azure skies with lazy clouds birdsong dappled sunlight sharp scents a rustle in the grass.


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